Street scene from 1960s Sarajevo. (Photo: FORTEPAN/ Romák Evá)
The “long 1960s” represent a vibrant decade for debates on state reconfiguration in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Inside the Communist Party, voices for decentralization gained the overhand in 1964 and eventually led to the new constitution of 1974, which granted more power to the single republics. Reacting to and participating in this political shift, intellectuals engaged in discussions as to how to redefine the markers of belonging, which were to merge territoriality and nationality. This issue was particularly sensitive in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the only republic whose sovereignty was not defined in national terms. In this episode, we discuss how the Communist Party elevated the Muslims from a religious groups to a nation in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Moreover, we approach various options of identification in use at the time, from “Yugoslavs” to “Muslims” and “Bosniaks”, their evolution, and their interplay with governmental cultural politics.
Iva Lucic holds a PhD in History from Uppsala University (Sweden) and is a historian of early modern and modern Southeast Europe. Her first monograph, “Im Namen der Nation. Der politische Aufwertungsprozess der Muslime im sozialistischen Jugoslawien”, explored the politics of a Muslim nation-building in a socialist state. Her second book (forthcoming in 2017) deals with continuities and ruptures of religiousity and its social practices among Catholics in Bohemia, after the break-up of the Habsburg Monarchy. Iva’s current project analyzes the transimperial transition between the Ottoman Empire and the Austro-Hungary in Bosnia and Herzegovina with a focus on forest management.
To cite this episode: Lucic, Iva; Guidi, Andreas (2017): Muslim nation-building in Socialist Yugoslavia, The Southeast Passage #017, 02.03.2017, http://thesoutheastpassage.com/podcast/lucic-muslim-nation-building-yugoslavia
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Results of the Yugoslavs censuses of 1961 and 1971 for the category “Muslims”
Results of the Yugoslavs censuses of 1961 and 1971 for the category “Yugoslavs”