#005 – Islam, Gender and Civil Society in post-Ottoman Bosnia and Yugoslavia (1878-1941)

with Fabio Giomi


graz women streetwear

Muslim women’s streetwear from the interwar period, Sarajevo

Since the mid 19th century, the fate of Bosnian Muslims became a subject of interest for both western academics and politicians. Some emphasized the radical otherness of Islam and considered Muslims as intrinsically “Asian” and “non-European”. Others focused on the Bosnian Muslims’ Slavic language and considered them as legitimate members of the Yugoslav – and by extension European – community of nations. This ambiguous location pushed notables of that community to design and pursue different strategies of adaptation to the post-Ottoman circumstances, ranging from nationalism to communitarism. This episode explores the dynamics by which gender played a key-role in locating Bosnian Muslims in the post-Ottoman landscape.

Fabio GiomiFabio Giomi is researcher at the Centre d’Etudes Turques, Ottomanes, Balkaniques et Centrasiatiques (CETOBAC, CNRS-EHESS-Collège de France).His research focuses on the social, cultural and gender history of Southeastern Europe between the mid-nineteenth and mid-twentieth centuries, with a special attention on the Yugoslav space. He comes from Lucca, he lives in Paris and he does prefer bosanska kafa to espresso.

To cite this episode: “Giomi, Fabio; Guidi, Andreas (2015): Islam, Gender and Civil Society in post-Ottoman Bosnia and Yugoslavia (1878-1941), The Southeast Passage #005, 10.06.2015, http://thesoutheastpassage.com/podcast/giomi-islam-gender-civil-society-ottoman-bosnia


Further reading:

Göle, Nilüfer:  The Forbidden Modern – Civilization and Veiling. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996

Abu-Lughod, Lila (ed.): Remaking Women. Feminism and Modernity in the Middle East. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998

Yeğenoğlu, Meyda:  Colonial Fantasies – Towards a Feminist Reading of Orientalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998

Giomi, Fabio: Daughters of two Empires. Muslim Girls and Public Writing in Habsburg Bosnia-Herzegovina» Aspasia, vol. 9, 2015 (forthcoming)

Giomi, Fabio: Forging Habsburg Muslim Girls. Gender, Education and Empire in Bosnia-Herzegovina (1878-1918) » , History of Education, 44, Issue 3, 2015, p. 274-92.

Giomi, Fabio: Fuori dal Dar al-Islam. Intellettuali musulmani di Bosnia e Bulgaria nel periodo post-ottomano (1878-1918) , Contemporanea, XII, 2, avril 2009, p. 253-73

Giomi, Fabio: Reforma – The Organization of Progressive Muslims and its Role in Interwar Bosnia , Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs 29, 4, décembre 2009, p. 495-510

De Haan, Francisca, Daskalova krassimira and Loutfi, Anna (eds.): A Biographical Dictionary of Women’s Movements and Feminisms. Central, Eastern, and South Eastern Europe, 19th and 20th Centuries. Budapest and New York: Central European University Press, 2006

Hawkesworth, Celia: Voices in the Shadows: Women and Verbal Art in Serbia and Bosnia. Budapest: Central European University Press, 2000

Kecman, Jovanka: Žene Jugoslavije u radničkom pokretu i ženskim organizacijama 1914-1941. Beograd: Institut za Savremenu Istoriju, 1978

Jovanović, Miroslav; Naumović, Slobodan: Gender Relations in South Eastern Europe: historical perspective in womanhood and Manhood in the 19th and 20th Century. Belgrade: Udruženje za društvenu istoriju, 2002

Penava, Senija: “Izvori i literatura o problemima emancipacije muslimanske žene u Bosni i Hercegovini”, Prilozi Instituta za Istoriju 18 (1981): 273–284

Milišić, Senija “O pitanju emancipacije muslimanske žene u Bosni i Hercegovini”, Prilozi Instituta za Istoriju 28 (1999): 225–241

Mlinarević, Gorana; Kosović, Lamija: “Women’s Movements and Gender Studies in Bosnia and Herzegovina,” Aspasia: The International Yearbook of Central, Eastern and Southeastern European Women’s and Gender History 5 (2011): 129–138

Popovic, Alexandre: L’Islam balkanique: les musulmans du sud-est européen dans la période post-ottomane. Berlin and Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1986

Clayer, Nathalie; Bougarel, Xavier: Les musulmans de l’Europe du Sud-Est. Des Empires aux États balkaniques, Paris, Karthala et IISMM, 2013

Čaušević, Jasmina (ed.): Women Documented. Women and Public Life in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the 20th Century. Sarajevo: Sarajevo Open Centre, 2014

Kaser, Karl (ed.): Patriarchy after Patriarchy – Gender Relations in Turkey and in the Balkans, 1500-2000. Berlin and Wien: Lit, cop. 2008

Women in Sarajevo, undated (between 1920 and 1950)