#038 – German Resettlers and Jewish Survivors from Bukovina after 1945

With Gaëlle Fisher

At the crossroad of Bukovinans Street and Radauti Street, Stuttgart. Courtesy of Gaelle Fisher.


Before World War II, Bukovina was a region marked by multiconfessional coexistence and ruled by the Habsburg Empire (1774-1918) and then by Romania (1918-1940). Two among Bukovina’s population groups, the “ethnic” Germans and the Askhenazi Jews, left the region as a result of the World War and the Holocaust. Thousands of the former were “resettled” in Germany, while a great number of the latter who had survived the persecutions immigrated to Israel. In this episode, we discuss how both groups maintained a link with their homeland region, how they organized into voluntary associations, and how their destiny became interwoven when negotiating the limits of belonging to the respective national societies.



Gaëlle Fisher is a postdoctoral researcher at the Center for Holocaust Studies, Leibniz Institute for Contemporary History in Munich, Germany. Her work explores the entangled histories of Germany, Eastern Europe, and Israel in the twentieth century. Her current research is for a second book dealing with Jewish responses to persecution in Romania during the Holocaust.


BERGHAHN BOOKS : Resettlers And Survivors: Bukovina And The Politics Of Belonging In West Germany And Israel, 1945–1989

To cite this episode: Gaëlle Fisher, Andreas Guidi (2021): German Resettlers and Jewish Survivors from Bukovina after 1945. The Southeast Passage #038, http://thesoutheastpassage.com/fisher-bukovina-german-jews



RecKlez: “Kallarash Freylekhs”

Natfule Brandwein: “Das Teurste in Bukowina”


Further reading:

Ahonen, Pertti, After the Expulsion: West Germany and Eastern Europe 1945–1990 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003)

Ballinger, Pamela: The World Refugees made. Decolonization and the making of Post-War Italy (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2020)

Demshuk, Andrew, The Lost German East: Forced Migration and the Politics of Memory (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012)

Fisher, Gaëlle and Maren Röger (eds), “Bukovina and Bukovinians after the Second World War: (Re)shaping and (re)thinking a region after genocide and ‘ethnic unmixing,” East European Politics and Societies vol. 33, no. 1 (2019): 176–256

Fulbrook, Mary, Reckonings: Legacies of Nazi Persecution and the Quest for Justice (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018)

Hausleitner, Mariana, ,Viel Mischmasch mitgenommen’: Die Umsiedlungen aus der Bukowina 1940 (Berlin: Verlag Walter de Gruyter, 2018)

Heymann, Florence, Le Crépuscule des Lieux: Identités Juives de Czernowitz (Paris: Stock, 2003)

Hirsch, Marianne and Leo Spitzer, Ghosts of Home: The Afterlife of Czernowitz in Jewish Memory (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010)

Irwin-Zarecka, Iwona, Frames of Remembrance: The Dynamics of Collective Memory (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 1994)

Niven, Bill and Stefan Berger (eds) Writing the History of Memory (London: Bloomsbury, 2014)

Röger, Maren and Alexander Weidle (eds), Bukowina-Deutsche. Erfindungen, Erfahrungen und Erzählungen einer (imaginierten) Gemeinschaft seit 1775 (Munich: De Gruyter, 2020)

Steinweis, Alan and Daniel Rogers (eds), The Impact of Nazism: New Perspectives on the Third Reich and its Legacy (Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2003)

Yablonka, Hanna, Holocaust Survivors: Israel after the War (New York: New York University Press, 1999)

Zertal, Idith, From Catastrophe to Power: Holocaust Survivors and the Emergence of Israel (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998)

Michael Rothberg, Multidirectional Memory: Remembering the Holocaust in the Age of Decolonization (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2009)

Zakic, Mirna and Chris Molnar (eds), German-Balkan Entangled Histories in the Twentieth Century (Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh University Press, 2020)


A 1949 issue of Die Stimme des Oleh (The Immigrant’s Voice), printed by the Association of Immigrants from Bukovina from 1944 onwards in Tel-Aviv. Courtesy of Gaelle Fisher.


A 1974 issue of Der Südostdeutsche (The Southeast-German), printed by the Bukovina Germans’ Landsmannschaft in Munich from 1949 onwards. Courtesy of Gaelle Fisher.

The Southeast Passage
The Southeast Passage
#038 - German Resettlers and Jewish Survivors from Bukovina after 1945