With Gaëlle Fisher
At the crossroad of Bukovinans Street and Radauti Street, Stuttgart. Courtesy of Gaelle Fisher.
Before World War II, Bukovina was a region marked by multiconfessional coexistence and ruled by the Habsburg Empire (1774-1918) and then by Romania (1918-1940). Two among Bukovina’s population groups, the “ethnic” Germans and the Askhenazi Jews, left the region as a result of the World War and the Holocaust. Thousands of the former were “resettled” in Germany, while a great number of the latter who had survived the persecutions immigrated to Israel. In this episode, we discuss how both groups maintained a link with their homeland region, how they organized into voluntary associations, and how their destiny became interwoven when negotiating the limits of belonging to the respective national societies.
Gaëlle Fisher is a postdoctoral researcher at the Center for Holocaust Studies, Leibniz Institute for Contemporary History in Munich, Germany. Her work explores the entangled histories of Germany, Eastern Europe, and Israel in the twentieth century. Her current research is for a second book dealing with Jewish responses to persecution in Romania during the Holocaust.
To cite this episode: Gaëlle Fisher, Andreas Guidi (2021): German Resettlers and Jewish Survivors from Bukovina after 1945. The Southeast Passage #038, http://thesoutheastpassage.com/fisher-bukovina-german-jews
RecKlez: “Kallarash Freylekhs”
Natfule Brandwein: “Das Teurste in Bukowina”
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Fisher, Gaëlle and Maren Röger (eds), “Bukovina and Bukovinians after the Second World War: (Re)shaping and (re)thinking a region after genocide and ‘ethnic unmixing,” East European Politics and Societies vol. 33, no. 1 (2019): 176–256
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A 1949 issue of Die Stimme des Oleh (The Immigrant’s Voice), printed by the Association of Immigrants from Bukovina from 1944 onwards in Tel-Aviv. Courtesy of Gaelle Fisher.
A 1974 issue of Der Südostdeutsche (The Southeast-German), printed by the Bukovina Germans’ Landsmannschaft in Munich from 1949 onwards. Courtesy of Gaelle Fisher.